Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Saturday, June 6, 2020

Graphical Data

Swach Bharat Mission (SBM) has significantly improved health outcomes by covering 99.2 per cent of rural India during the last five years.

 

 

Source:Economic Survey 2018-2019 Updated on 28th January, 2020

 

From Swachh Bharat To Swasth Bharat

 

India’s sanitation coverage has reached 80.65 per cent from 38 per cent in 2014. Improvement in sanitation has decreased per person disease burden in India, but the stakes remain high. The child and malnutrition diseases burden per person was 12 times higher than China. As per the 2017 Health Survey, even India’s best performing state of Kerala had a per person disease burden which is 2.7 times higher than China, indicating major room for improvement.

Diarrhoea and malnutrition, two major diseases caused by unsafe sanitation practices are still prevalent in India. The nature of these diseases and how they are caused must be publicised when Swachh Bharat is talked about. When verifying ODF villages, the government should also take note of whether instances of diarrhoea and malnutrition have come down in an ODF town or village.

 

Diarrhoeal Deaths a Significant Problem

 

While the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched to eradicate the practice of open defecation, it also looked at improving health indicators across India by encouraging the practice of safe sanitation. Disease burden in India is a significant problem in terms of the country’s development indicators. The Health of the Nation Survey conducted in 2016 by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare reported that the overall health scenario in India saw significant improvement in the 26 years between 1990 and 2016. Diarrhoea, a major disease spurned by unsafe sanitation practices was a major cause of death in India, contributing to an average of 15.5% of total deaths (1316 million) in India from 1990 to 2016. The states of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh showed childhood mortality rates due to diarrhoea at severely high percentages between 50-60%, compared to the national average of 13%.

 

 

 

 

Source:https://swachhindia.ndtv.com Updated on 18th January, 2020

 

Individual household latrines(IHHLs) constructed under NBA/SBM(G)

 

 

Source : The Hindu, October 6th, 2016