Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Saturday, December 3, 2022




  •  Today, 1 in 4 people – 2 billion people – around the world lack safe drinking water. (WHO/UNICEF 2021)


  • Almost half of the global population – 3.6 billion people – lack safe sanitation. (WHO/UNICEF 2021)


  • 494 million people still practise open defecation. (WHO/UNICEF 2021)


  • 1 in 3 people – 2.3 billion people – around the world lack basic handwashing facilties at home. (WHO/UNICEF 2021)


  • Achieving universal access to safely managed sanitation by 2030 will require a four-fold increase in current rates of progress. (UN-Water 2021)


  • Every day, over 700 children under age 5 die from diarrhoea linked to unsafe water, sanitation and poor hygiene. (UNICEF, 2021)


  • Almost half of the schools in the world do not have handwashing facilities with soap and water. (WHO/UNICEF 2020)


  • 207 million people spend over 30 minutes per round trip to collect water from an improved source. (WHO/UNICEF 2019)


  • Globally, at least 2 billion people use a drinking water source contaminated with faeces. (WHO 2019)


  • 297,000 children under five years old – more than 800 every day – die every year from diarrhoeal diseases due to poor sanitation, poor hygiene, or unsafe drinking water. (WHO 2019)


  • Under-fives living in countries experiencing protracted conflict are 20 times more likely to die from causes linked to unsafe water and sanitation than from direct violence. (UNICEF, 2019)


  • 1 million deaths each year are associated with unclean births. Infections account for 26% of neonatal deaths and 11% of maternal mortality. (WHO/UNICEF 2019)


  • Approximately 50 litres of water per person per day are needed to ensure that most basic needs are met while keeping public health risks at a low level. (WHO, 2017)


Source: unwater.org Updated on 21st November, 2022